Comments on Congress: What does it mean to be an American?

Lee Hamilton writes, "In the end, this means that the country depends on a set of common virtues in its citizens – mutual respect, tolerance, empathy, civility, humility, resolve, a willingness to step up to challenges and meet them square on – that underlie our ability to make progress together."

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I’ve been thinking a lot recently about what it means to be an American, to have a shared stake in this country and its fortunes.

In some ways, I suppose the question is unanswerable: We are a vast, diverse country, and we each answer the question in our own way.

Yet I also think there are characteristics many of us would recognize –traits in common that resonate across communities and divisions, regardless of our age or political beliefs.

You could start, for instance, with a belief in the promise and ideals of the U.S., in its Constitution and laws, and perhaps above all in the freedom, independence and opportunity that many Americans consider their birthright.

Yet all along we’ve balanced this quest for liberty with a sense of responsibility to the community around us. As an American, you accept certain responsibilities: to cast an informed vote; to respect the laws and if you disagree with them to work through the system to change them; to defend the Constitution; and to respect the rights, beliefs, and opinions of others, whether or not you agree with them.


This last characteristic is not a nice-to-have add-on. It’s baked into our system. The success of American democracy rests on all sorts of values: open-mindedness, an informed citizenry, honesty, competence.

But one of the things I’ve also noticed wherever I’ve traveled in the country is a restless and impressive desire to make things better – to improve our communities and the lives of the people who live in them.

On the whole, Americans possess a confident belief that change is possible – that as a nation, we make progress over time based on the efforts of ordinary people and political leaders alike. At its heart, the American system – our representative democracy – is about how we resolve our differences in order to move our towns and cities, states and the country, as a whole, forward.

What this means should be obvious: We solve our problems together, by working with all kinds of people, trying to forge common ground, build consensus and communicate our beliefs and ideas effectively.

In the end, this means that the country depends on a set of common virtues in its citizens – mutual respect, tolerance, empathy, civility, humility, resolve, a willingness to step up to challenges and meet them square on – that underlie our ability to make progress together.

I realize that in this day of extreme political division, all of that may seem a bit starry-eyed. There are plenty of Americans who have no patience for those on the other side, and who have no desire to try to understand or sympathize with them. Yet the basic need we confront as Americans has not changed, and that is to use the political system to resolve our fundamental challenges.

There are all kinds of fault lines in American politics right now – between those who want to use the political system to expand individual opportunity and offer a fairer chance at the future and those who want government to protect their livelihoods and way of life, between those who want to make voting easier and those who want to restrict it, between those who embrace a diversifying country and those who worry about its implications in their own lives. Sorting through these differences and resolving them is an ongoing challenge. But being an American means confronting that task, doing our best to find solutions that most Americans can live with and recognizing that the chance to do all this as ordinary citizens is one of the gifts that being an American bestows on us.

Lee Hamilton is a senior advisor for the Indiana University Center on Representative Government, a nonpartisan educational institution that believes learning about Congress is central to responsible citizenship. The center seeks to inspire young people and adults to take an active part in revitalizing representative government. The center strives to help citizens be effective in bringing their concerns to elected officials so government actions reflect the “consent of the governed.” Hamilton was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for 34 years.


Lee Hamilton
Ann Schertz 812.327.3402

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