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Census shows Hubbard County’s employment, income issues

Hubbard County was estimated to have a higher rate of poverty, aging and disabilities than Minnesota as a whole.

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Park Rapids Enterprise infographic

According to data from the 2020 U.S. Census, Hubbard County had a total population of 21,344, including 8,688 households, with a median household income of $56,709.

The census showed the county’s population to be predominantly, but not entirely, white, English speaking and U.S. born. The county also exceeded statewide rates for poverty, aging and disabilities.

There were 594 employers in Hubbard County and an employment rate of 55.6% – considerably lower than the statewide employment rate of 67.2%. Median household income is also lower at the county level than statewide.

The census showed 5.7% of county residents were without healthcare coverage – worse than the statewide rate of 4.9% uninsured.

Not all of the county’s disparities from the Minnesota norm were negative, however. Rent is lower here than the statewide average. And the county could boast a higher percentage of residents who had moved in from elsewhere within the past 12 months than the state as a whole.

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Income and poverty

Average household earnings in Hubbard County came in considerably lower than the statewide average in the 2020 census.

A median is a statistical amount that divides the population into two equal groups, with one half of the population above the median and the other half below.

The county’s median household income was $56,709. Across Minnesota, the median was $74,593.

The county’s mean household income – an average based on the total income of all households divided by the number of households – was $70,985. Mean income tends to be higher than the median because of the income gap between residents with the highest incomes and those in the middle.

In Hubbard County, the median income for families was $68,125; $75,374 for non-married couple families; and $29,322 for non-family households.

Meanwhile, the poverty rate in Hubbard County was higher than the statewide rate, with 11.8% of all people in Hubbard County and 9% of all people in Minnesota living in poverty.

The poverty rate affected different age groups unequally, including 17% of Hubbard County residents under age 18, 12.2% aged 18-64 and 6.6% aged 65 or older.

Age and sex

The median age in Hubbard County was 48.7, more than a decade older than the statewide median age of 38.4.

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There were slightly more males than females in the county by an estimated margin of 235, or a difference of 50.56 to 49.44%.

In age groups, 78.9% of the population were aged 18 or older and 24.8% were 65 or older.

The county’s population skewed older than the state as a whole, with only 16.3% of Minnesotans aged 65 or older as of the census.

Ancestry and language

The largest ancestry group in Hubbard County was German with 34.7% of the population.

This was followed by Norwegian at 18.8%, Irish at 10.2, Swedish at 8.1%, English at 6.5, Polish at 3.6, French at 3%, Italian at 1.7, Danish and French Canadian at 1.5% each, Czech at 1.4, and Scottish at 1.3%.

Also reported were a few residents of Hungarian, Lithuanian, Swiss, Ukrainian, Welsh, Arab, Slovak, Greek, Portuguese, West Indian and Subsaharan African heritage.

English was the predominant language spoken at home, with 96.9% of the county population speaking only English and only 1.5% of residents claiming to speak English less than “very well.”

Across Minnesota, 12.3% of respondents spoke a language other than English at home, compared to only 3.1% in Hubbard County.

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Other than English, the most commonly spoken language in Hubbard County was Spanish at 1.3%.

Nationality and race

Only 1.7% of Hubbard County’s population was foreign born as of the census, compared to 8.4% of the statewide population.

Among natural-born citizens living in Hubbard County, 72.3% were born in Minnesota, 25.4% in another state and 0.7% in a U.S. territory or abroad.

Of the county’s foreign-born residents, 36.9% were naturalized U.S. citizens and 63.1% were not citizens, while 41.1% entered the U.S. in 2010 or later.

The predominant region of birth for the county’s foreign-born population was Latin America at 50.4%, albeit with a hefty 17.9% margin of error. There were also 23.4% born in Asia, 18.3% in Europe, 6.5% in North America and 1.4% in Africa.

Besides 19,265 residents who described their race as white alone, the county population includes 93 who identified as Black or African American only, 581 as Native American, 66 as Asian, 13 as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 226 as some other single race and 1,100 as two or more races.

Regardless of race, 489 residents described themselves as Hispanic or Latino.

Types of households

Given 8,688 households in Hubbard County, the census found the average household size was 2.39 people and average family size was 2.83 people. Of these households:

  • 57.1% were married couples, 14.7% with children under 18.

  • 6.4% were cohabiting couples, 2.3% with minor children.

  • 16.6% comprised a male with no spouse or partner, 1.3% with minor children, 13.1% living alone and 4.8% aged 65 or older.

  • 19.9% comprised a female with no spouse or partner, 3.8% with minor children, 13.1% living alone and 7.7% aged 65 or older.

  • 24.7% included one or more people under age 18.

  • 39.8% included one or more people aged 65 or older.

The marital status of the county’s 8,727 males aged 15 and older was 25.5% never married, 59.9% married, 1% separated, 3.5% widowed and 10.2% divorced.
Of the county’s 8,565 females in the same age group, 19.2% were never married, 59.5% were married, 0.9% were separated, 9% were widowed and 11.3% were divorced.

The census found 24.4% of women aged 15-50 had given birth in the past 12 months. Of these 3,601 moms, 198 were aged 20-34 and 40 were aged 35 or older.

There were 333 Hubbard County residents living with grandchildren under age 18, and 48.3% of them were responsible for their grandkids; 21% had been responsible for them less than one year, 10.5% for 1-2 years and 12.9% for five or more years.

Veterans and disabled

Out of 16,573 adult civilians in Hubbard County, 12% were veterans of the uniformed services.

Including children, the census indicates 15.3% of the county’s non-institutionalized residents have a disability, including 4.6% of those under 18 years old, 12% of those aged 18-64 and 31.8% of those aged 65 and older.

Statewide, people with disabilities account for 10.8% of the population.

In Hubbard County, people with disabilities included 7.1% of the population with difficulty walking, 6.5 with difficulty hearing, 5.6% with independent living issues, 5.2% with cognitive difficulties and 2.4% having vision difficulties and 2.2% with self-care issues.

Education

Of Hubbard County residents aged 25 and older, the census estimated 1.7% had less than a ninth-grade education; 5.2 had some high school education but no diploma; 93% were high school graduates; and 22.9% had some college education but no degree.

Those holding degrees included 11.6% with at most an associate’s degree, 27.4% with a bachelor’s degree or higher and 9.4% with a graduate or professional degree.

The county had an estimated 4,293 residents aged 3 or older currently enrolled in school. Of those, 9.8% were in preschool, 5.8% in kindergarten, 48.8% in grades 1-8, 21.9% in grades 9-12 and 13.7% in college or graduate school.

Employment

The census estimated that 9,495 civilians aged 16 and older were employed in Hubbard County – a 2019 employment rate of 55.6%, compared to 67.2% statewide.

The county’s employment rate held roughly level or decreased slightly from 2014 to 2019.

Thirty-two% of employed residents worked in management, business, science and arts occupations; 19% in service jobs; 20% in sales and office positions; 12% in natural resources, construction and maintenance positions; and 16% in production, transportation and material moving jobs.

There was a higher percentage of government workers in Hubbard County than in Minnesota as a whole, with 17.6% of the county’s workforce in local, state and federal government jobs compared to 12.6% statewide.

The percentage employed by private companies was 59.1, with 9.6% working for a private non-profit and 13.8% self-employed or serving as unpaid family workers.

Almost 38% of the county’s employed residents worked outside Hubbard County, and 4.4% worked outside Minnesota.

Commuting

The census estimated that 8,598 workers aged 16 and older did not work from home in Hubbard County.

Asked what time they had to leave for work, 19.7% said between 9 and 11:59 a.m.; 14.5% from 7 to 7:29 a.m.; 14.1% from 7:30 to 7:59 a.m.; and 13.3% from 6:30 to 6:59 a.m.

As for their travel time to work, 21.5% commuted less than 10 minutes, while only 13.3% had to travel 45 minutes or more. Average travel time to work for workers living in Hubbard County was 23.2 minutes, close to the statewide average of 24.4 minutes.

Of workers age 16 and older, 77.7% reported they drove to work alone; 10.1% carpooled; 7.5% worked at home; 2.8% walked; 0.6% used public transportation; and 1.3% commuted by bicycle, taxicab, motorcycle or other means.

Housing

The median gross rent in Hubbard County was $696 per month. Statewide, the median gross rent was $1,016.

Countywide, 30% of residents paid less than $500 per month; 53.5% paid $500 to $999; and 11.8% paid $1,000 to $1,499.

Out of 14,705 housing units in the county, 8,885 were occupied and 5,820 were vacant. The county’s vacancy rate showed a slight upward trend from 2014 to 2019..

The percentage of occupants who moved into their current housing in 2017 or later was 9.6%, compared to 26.1% statewide. This included 6.1% of owner-occupied housing units and 24.8% of rental housing.

Homes with four or more bedrooms accounted for 24.4 of housing units in Hubbard County, compared to 29.7% statewide. Places with 2-3 bedrooms comprised 66% of housing units in the county; one bedroom units made up 8.7%.

Related Topics: HUBBARD COUNTY
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