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Tagged loons part of oil impact study

Loon. (Carrol Henderson/ DNR)

A group from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources and the U.S. Geological Survey tagged two loons on separate lakes southwest of St. Cloud to study the effect of the Gulf spill on the state's loon population, Minnesota DNR Nongame Wildlife Program Supervisor Carrol Henderson said Tuesday.

"It will say two things," Henderson said after returning to his St. Paul office following a tagging expedition that wrapped up at sunrise on Tuesday. "First it will tell us where they are going, whether it's the Atlantic coast or the Gulf Coast. Second: Do they die or do they come back?"

Studies show that most of Minnesota's loon population migrates to the Gulf Coast for the winter.

Henderson said loons migrate south in October and November. Adults return in April, but young loons stay for two years before heading back to Minnesota.

When the Gulf oil spill occurred on April 20, the majority of loons had already migrated back to Minnesota.

The birds will return to the Gulf this winter.

Loons spend much of the winter in the water, Henderson said.

"We know many of them are going right to the area where the oil is coming ashore," he said. "This is not the kind of problem that will be gone when the birds migrate. We expect some mortality. We just don't know how much."

Minnesota's loon population has held steady at about 12,000 for several years, Henderson said.

He fears the Gulf oil spill could trigger a steady decline in numbers.

But there is hope.

Henderson points to danger faced by bald eagles, ospreys, peregrine falcons and brown pelicans 50 years ago from the chemical DDT. He said they are examples of birds that bounced back from significant population declines.

"We've seen it happen before," he said. "But in the case of those birds, it took 20 to 25 years to recover. We hope it wouldn't take that long."

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service reported last month that of the 1,500 birds found dead or soaked in oil, only one was a loon.

Minnesota's two loons tagged with GPS monitors Monday will be part of a U.S. Geological Survey project to track 10 loons from Minnesota and Wisconsin.

Loons will also be closely monitored by more than 1,000 volunteers as part of the 17-year-old Minnesota Loon Monitoring Program, said Minnesota DNR nongame technician Katie Haws of Bemidji. The program focuses on six areas throughout the state. Each area focuses on 100 lakes.

Information from transmitters on the 10 loons used in the U.S. Geological Survey study will be immediately available.

The rest is a waiting game.

"We recently used the same kind of transmitters on some golden eagles and discovered they had been wintering in northern Minnesota," Haws said of the loon monitoring project. "We learned so much about where they go. This may be a small sample size, but it can also be tremendously helpful."

How to help Minnesota's state bird

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources released the following ways Minnesotans can help keep the loon population stable:

# Donate to the Nongame Wildlife Checkoff on Minnesota state income and property tax forms. Residents can also make donations to the DNR's Nongame Wildlife Program or make direct donations at

# Contact the DNR Wildlife Program to sign up as a volunteer for the Minnesota Loon Monitoring Program to help get complete coverage on the 600 lakes checked each year. You can also report on the status of loons at your own lake through the Minnesota Loon Watcher Program.

# Contact the DNR's Nongame Wildlife Program immediately if you find an injured, sick or dead loon so it can be picked up by the DNR. Injured loons can be rehabilitated, and dead loons will be analyzed for the cause of death.

# Report any harassment, nest disturbance or shooting of loons to the local DNR conservation officer.

# Contact Minnesota's senators and congressmen to share your concerns or opinions about protecting migratory bird populations that are likely affected by the Gulf oil spill.

# Buy a federal duck stamp at your local post office; funds generated benefit wetland habitats nationwide.

# Join conservation organizations that focus on habitat acquisition and preservation such as Ducks Unlimited and Pheasants Forever and wildlife conservation organizations like Audubon Minnesota that have a proven track record of success in dealing with wildlife conservation issues.