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Park Rapids releases 2008 water monitoring report

Park Rapids is issuing the results of monitoring done on its drinking water for the period from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2008.

The purpose of the report is to advance consumers' understanding of drinking water and heighten awareness of the need to protect precious water resources.

Source of water

Park Rapids provides drinking water to its residents from a groundwater source: Four wells ranging from 51 to 70 feet deep, that draw water from the Quaternary Water Table aquifer, according to Dean Christofferson, city utility maintenance employee.

The water provided to customers may meet drinking water standards, but the Minnesota Department of Health also has made a determination as to how vulnerable the source of water may be to future contamination incidents.

To obtain the entire source water assessment regarding your drinking water, call 800-818-9318 (and press 5) during normal business hours. The report also may be viewed on line at

Anyone with questions about Park Rapids' drinking water or who would like information about opportunities for public participation in decisions that may affect water quality may call city hall at 732-3163.

Results of monitoring

No contaminants were detected at levels that violated federal drinking water standards.

However, some contaminants were detected in trace amounts that were below legal limits. The table that follows shows the contaminants that were detected in trace amounts in 2008.

Some contaminants are sampled less frequently than once a year; as a result, not all contaminants were sampled for in 2008. If any of these contaminants were detected the last time they were sampled for, they are included in the table along with the date that detection occurred.

Possible contaminants

Nitrate in drinking water at levels above 10 parts per million is a health risk for infants of less than 6 months of age. High nitrate levels in drinking water can cause blue baby syndrome. Nitrate levels may rise quickly for short periods of time because of rainfall or agricultural activity. If you are caring for an infant, you should ask advice from our health care provider.

Radon is a radioactive gas, which is naturally occurring in some groundwater. It poses a lung cancer risk when gas is released from water into the air (as occurs during showering, bathing or washing dishes or clothes) and a stomach cancer risk when it is ingested.

Because radon in indoor air poses a much greater health risk than radon in drinking water, an Alternative Maximum Contaminant Level (AMCL) of 4,000 picoCuries per liter (pCi/l) may apply in states that have adopted an Indoor Air Program, which compels citizens, homeowners, schools and communities to reduce the radon threat from indoor air.

For states without such a program, the MCL of 300 pCi/l may apply. Minnesota plans to adopt an indoor air program once the federal radon rule is finalized.

If present, infants and children who drink water containing lead in excess of the action level could experience delays in their physical or mental development. Children could show slight deficits in attention span and learning abilities. Adults who drink this water over many years could develop kidney problems or high blood pressure.

Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing.

The city is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When water has been sitting for several hours, a person can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing the tap for 30 seconds to two minutes before using water for drinking or cooking.

A person may wish to have his or her water tested if concerned about lead in the water. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods and steps people can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at

Some contaminants do not have maximum contaminant levels (MCL) established for them. These unregulated contaminants are assessed using state standards known as health risk limits to determine if they pose a threat to human health.

If unacceptable levels of an unregulated contaminant are found, the response is the same as if an MCL has been exceeded; the water system must inform its customers and take other corrective actions.


Sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:

-Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife.

-Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining or farming.

-Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff and residential uses.

-Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff and septic systems.

-Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribes regulations, which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water, which must provide the same protection for public health.

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk.

More information about contaminants and potential health effects can by obtained by call the EPA's Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-426-4791.

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population.

Immuno-compromised persons such as those with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-426-479.