Lac qui Parle County family farm preserves rare heritage breeds of livestock
WILLMAR, Minn. -- Our quest to protect endangered animals can take us to some very wild places. In this case, it leads to a place very tame: A small farm in Lac qui Parle County.
Humble Roots Heritage Farm is home to a happy mix of domesticated farm animals that are rapidly disappearing from the world.
Purebred Mulefoot pigs, curious and friendly as farmyard dogs, muck around in the mud and forage in the grove unaware that at last count, there were only 200 of them documented elsewhere in the world.
A flock of Bourbon Red turkeys, show-offs every one of them, strut around the yard as if it were still the 1930s and 1940s, when they were as common on American farms as barn cats.
Today, the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy based in North Carolina lists the turkeys on its "watch" list of domesticated fowl in decline.
The organization raises a similar red flag about the status of the Swedish and Indian Runner ducks, two small flocks of which join the menagerie of animals that lay claim to this six-acre Noah's Ark on the prairie.
"I'm always looking for something I like to look at," said Jessi Wood, the farmer responsible for the colorful animals.
All about farming
Yet, make no mistake: This is all about farming.
It will not be long before the majestic-looking, tasty turkeys become the center of attention on Thanksgiving tables.
Mulefoot pigs make fabulous hams; the Swedish ducks are as flavorful a waterfowl that was ever enjoyed; and Indian Runner ducks are prized -- and fed -- for the eggs they lay.
And while they grow to market size, these animals are just a hoot to have around, according to Wood. "They're fun, they really are," she said.
Wood and her husband, Joey Stout, began raising the heritage breed animals both as a venture into sustainable agriculture and a desire to protect them and the genetic traits they represent.
Wood makes no apologies for the fact that many of these animals are destined for local dinner tables.
She is convinced that their survival as unique breeds depends on developing profitable markets, so that others will raise them, as well.
She said it's very unlikely
that we will start building zoos to hold the 150 breeds of livestock and poultry currently listed by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy to be at risk of becoming extinct.
The decline of these breeds has much to do with the twin driving forces of economic efficiency and standardization in agriculture today.
Wood said the Mulefoot pigs are believed to have come to the Americas in the 1500s with the Spanish.
In more recent times, farmers along the Mississippi River would let them forage on islands and harvest them to make hams and lard, she said.
But these pigs take a full year to reach a market weight of 230 pounds, compared with the 280 pounds that large white pigs so prevalent today can reach in only six months, Wood said.
The stunning colors and flavorful meat of the Bourbon Red or Rouge turkeys have been displaced on American farms by bland, vanilla-colored turkeys that grow twice as fast and twice as big.
The carcass weight of the best Bourbon Red turkeys tops out about 12 pounds.
Compare that to the 30-pound behemoths that farmers can produce from today's standardized, white turkeys.
The bottom line
The bottom line is that Wood and others raising heritage breeds need to receive better-than-supermarketprices for their meat. Wood is finding that market, thanks both to a growing local foods network and her own ties to the local and natural foods network in the Twin Cities.
She said her customers appreciate the flavorful meats, but that's not all.
She said it is equally important to her customers to know that the animals have been raised free-range and not fed antibiotics or chemical additives.
Her animals have free rein over the farm, although an electric fence keeps the nosy pigs from wandering into the yard and tugging on the pant legs of unsuspecting visitors.
It isn't just the animals who thrive in this sort of environment.
Wood said she and her husband moved from the Twin Cities to the rural landscape because that's where they wanted to raise their children.