Devil's in the details: Commissioner says plan starts to dig out of deficit
The Dayton administration says it hopes the governor's budget proposal helps Minnesota turn the table on a series of deficits.
"The last decade has been a very difficult one," Commissioner Jim Schowalter of Minnesota Management and Budget said, both for government officials and the public.
Lawmakers and governors have dealt with budget deficits for most of that decade. One deficit topped $6 billion.
"We gradually start to dig our way out of the hole we have been in," the commissioner said of the budget proposal. The key to the budget, he said, is that it does not spend more than the state raises. Two years ago, lawmakers and Gov. Mark Dayton approved borrowing money against a tobacco lawsuit settlement to balance the budget.
The new Dayton budget includes no such borrowing, Schowalter said.
It also would repay a big chunk of money the state borrowed from schools. The repayment would be finished by 2017.
Cigarette tax proposed
Dayton's proposal included increasing the cigarette tax by 94 cents per pack.
That would raise state taxes to $2.52 on each pack.
Anti-tobacco groups applauded Dayton's cigarette tax increase plan.
"Gov. Dayton has prioritized the health of all Minnesotans," said Matt Schafer of the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network.
"We stand ready to work with the governor and legislative leaders to ensure a tobacco tax increase is included in the final package. Together, we can reduce the economic and emotional burden of tobacco on our state and increasing the price of cigarettes is a proven strategy."
Increased cigarette and tobacco taxes would bring in $370 million in new revenue under Dayton's plan.
Dayton said the goal of the tax increase is to discourage smoking, not necessarily to raise more money.
The governor said he originally was not in favor of the tax increase. "I had to be talked into this one."
Minnesota lawyers are not happy that their services would be taxed under Dayton's plan to expand sales taxes.
Robert Enger, a legal aid attorney from Bemidji and president of the Minnesota State Bar Association, refers to a tax on consumers of legal services as a "misery tax."
He said families often hire lawyers when they are vulnerable and suffering.
The Hennepin County Bar Association said taxing legal services could push business to neighboring states.
Tough on GOP
Democrat Dayton pulled no punches in blaming Republicans for budget problems.
"They misinformed Minnesotans about the fact of my tax proposals for the last two years," he said.
And, he added, "they denied any responsibility for drastic property tax increases."
Republicans say local governments decide whether to raise property taxes, but Democrats counter by saying Republican decisions in recent years mean governments must make up for state payment cuts.
The governor's budget plan is made easier because health-care programs have been whittled down over the years.
Dayton praised Human Services Commissioner Lucinda Jesson for cutting programs almost $1 billion in the past two years. Such programs still will cost more than $11 billion in the next two years.
Some specific programs would be cut under the governor's proposal, while overall spending would increase.
Dayton suggested that the number of state employees could shrink under his budget, but Schowalter said he was not so sure.
Dayton said that Minnesota state and local government entities rank 33rd among the state in the number of public workers.
Rep. Paul Marquart, DFL-Dilworth, said he was happy to see property tax relief in the proposal:
"The governor's budget also provides long overdue direct property tax relief to Minnesotans. We've seen property taxes double over the last eight years for Minnesota families and businesses. Direct relief will help middle-class Minnesotans put more money in their pockets and drive economic growth."
Rep. Ben Lien, DFL-Moorhead, said voters in November told lawmakers they wanted no more budget gimmicks. "This budget begins that debate by focusing on long-term, structural solutions. It addresses the skyrocketing costs of higher education, inadequate funding for K-12 and provides many middle-class Minnesotans with much needed property tax relief."
Senate Minority Leader David Hann, R-Eden Prairie, said the plan would hurt Minnesota's economy. "Our state government doesn't need more money," he said. "Growing our economy, not government is the right way to move our state forward."